IEC 61643-31 Low-voltage surge protective devices – Part 31: Requirements and test methods for SPDs for photovoltaic installations

This British Standard is the UK implementation of EN 61643‑31:2019. It is derived from IEC 61643‑31:2018.

It supersedes EN 50539‑11:2013+A1:2014, which is withdrawn.


This part of IEC 61643 is applicable to Surge Protective Devices (SPDs), intended for surge protection against indirect and direct effects of lightning or other transient overvoltage. These devices are designed to be connected to the DC side of photovoltaic installations rated up to 1 500 V DC.

These devices contain at least one non-linear component and are intended to limit surge voltages and divert surge currents. Performance characteristics, safety requirements, standard methods for testing and ratings are established.

SPDs complying with this standard are exclusively dedicated to be installed on the DC side of photovoltaic generators and the DC side of inverters.

SPDs for PV systems with energy storage (e.g. batteries, capacitor banks) are not covered.

SPDs with separate input and output terminals that contain specific series impedance between these terminal(s) (so called two-port SPDs according to IEC 61643-11:2011) are not covered. SPDs compliant with this standard are designed to be permanently connected where connection and disconnection of fixed SPDs can only be done using a tool. This standard does not apply to portable SPDs

NOTE 1 In general SPDs for PV applications do not contain a specific series impedance between the input/output terminals due to power efficiency considerations.

NOTE 2 wherever reference is made to the electric power system or the power system within this document, this refers to the DC side of the photovoltaic installation.


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